The Golden Temple (Harmandir Sahib - meaning the Abode of God) is a famous Sikh Gurudwara located in the city of Amritsar. The construction of the gurudwara was started by the fourth Sikh guru - Guru Ram Das in early 1600. In the year 1604 the construction was completed and the fifithe Sikh Guru - Guru Arjan installed the Adi Granth in the gurudwara. Baba Buddhaji was appointed as the first Granthi - reader of the granth.
In mid 18th century the gurudwara came under attack from the Afghans. However the Sikh Army sent down to hunt the Afghan troops emerged victorious after a battle few miles outside Amritsar.